In this article, I will explore the optimal number of hazelnut trees per acre and discuss the hazelnut tree density per acre. If you’re a hazelnut farmer or considering starting a hazelnut orchard, understanding the planting requirements and yield potential is crucial to maximizing productivity and profitability.

When it comes to hazelnut tree spacing and planting density, the typical recommendation is 108 trees per acre, with a spacing of 20′ x 20′. However, there are alternative technologies, such as Earthgen’s EMIPP system, that may offer a higher profitability and shorter time to reach full yield. It’s important to consider the specific conditions of your orchard and the variety of hazelnut trees you plan to grow when determining the optimal planting density.

Before we delve deeper into hazelnut farming tips and cultivation techniques, let’s take a closer look at the hazelnut yield and production per acre. Understanding the potential yield per tree and the timeline for reaching full production is essential for financial planning and long-term success.

Key Takeaways:

  • The recommended hazelnut tree density per acre is typically 108 trees with a 20′ x 20′ spacing.
  • Earthgen’s EMIPP technology offers the potential for higher profitability and shorter time to reach full yield.
  • Hazelnut tree yield can vary depending on the variety and management practices.
  • Hazelnut orchards have a long production lifetime, with commercial yields starting in the third year.
  • Proper management and cultivation techniques are crucial for successful hazelnut farming, including disease control and economic planning.

Hazelnut Tree Spacing and Planting Requirements

Hazelnut trees require a specific spacing and planting layout to optimize their growth and maximize productivity. Proper spacing ensures that each tree has enough space to grow and develop its root system without competition from other trees. The recommended spacing for hazelnut trees is typically 20′ x 20′, as mentioned in the First and Third sources. This means that there will be a total of 108 trees per acre with this standard-density planting.

However, the Second source suggests an alternative planting layout using Earthgen’s EMIPP technology, which can offer even better results. This innovative approach involves planting three varieties of compatible male and female hazelnut trees in each layout. The EMIPP technology promotes optimal pollination and cross-fertilization, leading to improved yield and profitability.

When implementing the EMIPP planting layout, it is important to consider the ease of tiling the layout and ensure that the planting density is suitable for efficient harvesting. The table below provides a visual representation of the recommended hazelnut tree spacing and planting requirements:

Variety Spacing (feet)
Male Tree 20′ x 20′
Female Tree 1 20′ x 20′
Female Tree 2 20′ x 20′

This planting layout not only ensures proper pollination but also allows for efficient management and maintenance of the hazelnut orchard. By following the recommended hazelnut tree spacing and planting requirements, growers can create an optimal environment for their trees to thrive and produce high-quality yields.

Hazelnut Yield and Production Per Acre

Hazelnut production per acre can vary depending on a variety of factors, such as the specific hazelnut tree variety and management practices. The Second source indicates that Yamhill hazelnut trees have the potential for higher yields compared to other varieties. These trees can produce up to 40 pounds of hazelnuts per tree, double the typical yield of 20 pounds per tree.

However, it’s important to consider that the high-yield variety may require dilution with pollinators, resulting in an average yield of approximately 30 pounds per tree per acre. This means that for an orchard with 108 trees per acre, the average production would be around 3,240 pounds of hazelnuts per acre.

It’s crucial to note that hazelnut trees have a long production lifetime of 80+ years, with commercial yields typically starting in the third year and reaching full production around year 12. This extended lifespan allows hazelnut growers to cultivate a consistent source of income over many decades.

Hazelnut Variety Yield per Tree Average Yield per Acre (108 trees)
Yamhill 40 pounds 4,320 pounds
Other Varieties 20 pounds 2,160 pounds

Table: Average hazelnut yields per tree and per acre for different varieties.

Hazelnut Farming Tips and Cultivation Techniques

When it comes to hazelnut farming, there are several key tips and cultivation techniques that can help ensure a successful and profitable harvest. By implementing these strategies, growers can maximize productivity and overcome common challenges in hazelnut orchards.

Optimal Soil Conditions

One of the first steps in hazelnut cultivation is to ensure that the soil conditions are optimal for growth. Hazelnut trees thrive in well-drained soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.5. Conduct a soil test to determine the nutrient content and make any necessary adjustments to maintain optimal fertility. Incorporating organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, can also improve the soil structure and enhance nutrient availability.

Proper Pruning and Training

Pruning plays a crucial role in hazelnut tree management. It helps maintain tree health, controls size and shape, and promotes better air circulation, which reduces the risk of fungal diseases. Prune hazelnut trees during the dormant season, removing dead or diseased branches, as well as any suckers or water sprouts. It’s also important to train the trees to a central leader system or an open-vase shape, allowing sunlight to reach all parts of the tree for optimal fruiting.

Pest and Disease Control

Effective pest and disease management is essential for hazelnut farming. Regular scouting and monitoring can help detect potential issues early on. Implement integrated pest management (IPM) practices, which combine various strategies such as cultural, biological, and chemical controls. For example, introducing beneficial insects can help control common pests like aphids and mites. Additionally, it’s important to stay updated on the latest recommendations for managing diseases such as Eastern Filbert Blight (EFB).

Pest/Disease Control Methods
Aphids Introduce beneficial insects like ladybugs. Use horticultural oils or insecticidal soaps.
Mites Encourage natural predators like predatory mites. Apply insecticidal soaps or miticides if necessary.
Eastern Filbert Blight (EFB) Plant resistant varieties. Practice good sanitation by removing infected branches. Apply fungicides as recommended.

By following these hazelnut farming tips and implementing proper cultivation techniques, growers can establish thriving orchards and achieve a bountiful hazelnut harvest. It’s important to stay informed about industry best practices and adapt management strategies based on specific growing conditions and challenges.


In conclusion, hazelnut farming requires careful consideration of various factors to maximize productivity and profitability. By following proper hazelnut cultivation techniques and implementing effective hazelnut farming tips, growers can establish and maintain successful orchards.

The optimal number of hazelnut trees per acre is typically 108 trees, with a spacing of 20′ x 20′. This planting density allows for efficient orchard management and harvesting. However, innovative technologies like Earthgen’s EMIPP offer the potential for higher profitability by reaching full yield earlier. It is important for growers to evaluate the benefits and costs of adopting such technologies.

Additionally, hazelnut production per acre can vary depending on the variety of hazelnut trees and management practices. Yamhill hazelnut trees, for example, have a higher yield potential compared to other varieties. However, it is crucial to consider factors such as the need for pollinators and overall orchard management techniques to achieve optimal yields.

To ensure long-term success, hazelnut growers should also be aware of and proactively manage diseases like Eastern Filbert Blight. Integrated management practices, such as scouting, fungicide sprays, pruning, and the use of resistant varieties, can help minimize the impact of diseases and promote healthier orchards.


How many hazelnut trees should be planted per acre?

The typical planting density for hazelnut trees is 108 trees per acre, with a spacing of 20′ x 20′.

What is the recommended spacing for hazelnut trees?

Hazelnut trees require a spacing of 20′ x 20′ for standard-density planting.

Can using Earthgen’s EMIPP technology increase profitability?

Yes, Earthgen’s EMIPP technology can result in higher profitability by reaching full yield 4 years earlier than traditional bare-root trees.

How long does it take for hazelnut trees to reach full yield?

With Earthgen hazelnut trees, full yield can be reached 4 years earlier than traditional bare-root trees, reducing the financial break-even point from 8 years to 4 years.

What is the average hazelnut yield per tree?

The average hazelnut yield per tree can vary depending on the variety and management practices, but Yamhill hazelnut trees can deliver yields of 40 pounds per tree, which is twice the typical yield of 20 pounds per tree.

When do hazelnut trees start producing commercially?

Hazelnut trees typically start producing commercially in the third year and reach full production in year 12.

How should Eastern Filbert Blight be managed?

Eastern Filbert Blight can be managed through integrated practices such as scouting, fungicide sprays, pruning, and the use of resistant varieties.

What factors should hazelnut growers consider in terms of costs and returns?

Hazelnut growers should consider factors such as labor costs, machinery costs, interest rates, and hazelnut prices when analyzing costs and returns.

What are some tips for successful hazelnut cultivation?

Some tips for successful hazelnut cultivation include proper management practices, staying updated on the latest farming tips, and using disease-resistant varieties.

How long can hazelnut trees produce?

Hazelnut trees have a production lifetime of 80+ years.

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