Creep grazing is a farming practice that allows nursing calves access to higher quality pasture or forage, which is restricted to cows. This method has its own set of advantages and disadvantages that farmers should consider before implementing it.

Key Takeaways:

  • Creep grazing provides nursing calves with better pasture and forage, ensuring their optimal growth and development.
  • By separating the calves, creep grazing allows them to have their own grazing area, minimizing competition with adult cows.
  • With creep grazing, farmers can manage the nutrition and growth of calves more effectively, leading to better market weight and higher profits.
  • However, implementing creep grazing requires additional infrastructure and labor, which can increase costs for farmers.
  • There is also the risk of overfeeding the calves, leading to health issues or the potential for reduced milk production in the cows.

Factors to Consider for Creep Feeding

When deciding whether to implement creep feeding in your farming practice, there are several factors to take into consideration. These factors can help you determine if creep feeding is the right choice for your calves and cows.

1. Nutritional Needs:

One of the primary factors to consider is the nutritional needs of your calves. Creep feeding can provide additional nutrients and supplements that might be lacking in the pasture or forage. Assess the nutritional requirements of your herd and consult with a veterinarian or nutritionist to determine if creep feeding is necessary.

2. Cost-Benefit Analysis:

Implementing a creep feeding program can incur additional costs such as the purchase of specialized feeders and creep feed. Consider the potential benefits, such as improved weaning weights and accelerated calf growth, and weigh them against the associated expenses to assess the overall cost-effectiveness of creep feeding for your operation.

3. Management and Labor:

Creep feeding requires dedicated management and labor. You will need to monitor the feeders, ensure they are adequately stocked, and regularly inspect the health and condition of the calves. Assess your available resources and labor capabilities to determine if you can commit to the additional workload and responsibilities that come with creep feeding.

In conclusion, before deciding to implement creep feeding, it is important to consider various factors such as the nutritional needs of your calves, the cost-benefit analysis, and the required management and labor. By carefully weighing these factors, you can make an informed decision about whether creep feeding is the right choice for your farming practice.

Factors to Consider Description
Nutritional Needs Assess the nutritional requirements of your herd and determine if creep feeding is necessary.
Cost-Benefit Analysis Weigh the potential benefits against the associated expenses to assess the cost-effectiveness of creep feeding.
Management and Labor Consider the additional workload and responsibilities that come with creep feeding and evaluate your available resources.

Types of Creep Feeds

When it comes to implementing a successful creep feeding program, it’s important to consider the types of creep feeds available. Each type offers unique benefits and considerations that can impact the overall effectiveness of the program. Let’s explore some of the main types of creep feeds commonly used in the industry.

Grain-Based Creep Feed

Grain-based creep feed is a popular choice for many producers due to its high energy content and palatability. It typically contains a combination of grains such as corn, barley, and soybean meal, providing a well-rounded nutritional profile for growing calves. Grain-based creep feed is known for promoting rapid weight gain and enhancing overall growth rates.

Limit-Fed High Protein Creep Feed

Limit-fed high protein creep feed is designed to provide a controlled amount of protein to growing calves. This type of creep feed often contains ingredients like soybean meal, cottonseed meal, and distillers grains, which are rich in protein. Limit-feeding helps manage feed costs and ensures optimal utilization of the protein content, promoting healthy muscle development in calves.

Green Creep

Green creep refers to the practice of allowing calves access to high-quality pasture or forage while still nursing. This type of creep feed takes advantage of the natural grazing behavior of calves and allows them to consume fresh, nutrient-rich grass. Green creep can be an economical and sustainable option, particularly in systems where forage availability is abundant.

Commercial Creep Feed

Commercial creep feed is a convenient and ready-to-use option for producers who prefer a commercially formulated feed. These feeds are typically balanced to provide a complete and balanced diet for growing calves. Commercial creep feeds often contain a mix of grains, protein sources, vitamins, and minerals, ensuring adequate nutrition for optimal growth and development.

Type of Creep Feed Main Ingredients Benefits Considerations
Grain-Based Creep Feed Grains (corn, barley), soybean meal High energy content, palatable, promotes weight gain Potential for digestive upset if not introduced gradually
Limit-Fed High Protein Creep Feed Soybean meal, cottonseed meal, distillers grains Controlled protein intake, promotes muscle development Requires careful monitoring to prevent overfeeding
Green Creep High-quality pasture or forage Economical, utilizes natural grazing behavior Dependent on forage availability and quality
Commercial Creep Feed Mixed grains, protein sources, vitamins, minerals Convenient, balanced nutrition Higher cost compared to homemade options

Implementing Creep Feeding

When it comes to implementing a successful creep feeding program, there are several factors to consider. One of the crucial aspects is the placement of creep feeders. Creep feeder placement plays a significant role in attracting calves and ensuring their easy access to the feed. Ideally, the feeders should be positioned in areas where the cows cannot reach but are easily accessible to the calves.

In addition to placement, the design of the creep feeders is also important. Creep feeder design should allow only the calves to enter and consume the feed while preventing the cows from accessing it. This can be achieved by using adjustable gates or panels that provide a narrow passage for the calves to enter. It is crucial to regularly inspect and maintain the feeders to ensure their effectiveness.

Furthermore, there are different creep grazing methods that can be employed. One common method is to gradually introduce the calves to the creep feeders by initially placing the feeders in the pasture without any feed. This allows the calves to become familiar with the feeders before introducing the actual feed. Another method is to use electric fences to create a separate grazing area for the calves, ensuring they have exclusive access to the higher quality pasture or forage.

In conclusion, implementing creep feeding requires careful consideration of creep feeder placement, creep feeder design, and the selection of appropriate creep grazing methods. By taking these factors into account, farmers can effectively provide the nursing calves with the nutritional advantage they need while maintaining the health and productivity of their herds.


What are the advantages and disadvantages of creep grazing?

Creep grazing has several benefits, such as providing nursing calves with access to higher quality pasture or forage, promoting faster growth and weight gain, and reducing competition for resources with adult cows. However, there are also drawbacks to consider, including increased labor and management requirements, potential health issues associated with early weaning, and the cost of supplemental feed.

What factors should be considered when deciding whether to implement creep feeding?

Factors to consider for creep feeding include the nutritional requirements of the calves, the availability and quality of pasture or forage, the cost of supplemental feed, the availability of labor and resources for managing the program, and the specific goals of the operation.

What are the different types of creep feeds used in a creep feeding program?

There are various types of creep feeds that can be used, including grain-based creep feed, limit-fed high protein creep feed, green creep (fresh forage), and commercial creep feed. The choice of creep feed depends on factors such as the nutritional needs of the calves, the availability of resources, and the desired growth outcomes.

How should creep feeding be implemented for success?

Proper implementation of creep feeding is crucial. Factors to consider include the placement of creep feeders in areas accessible to calves but not adult cows, designing feeders that prevent wastage and contamination, and following appropriate creep grazing methods to ensure optimal growth and development of the calves.

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